Located on the high banks of the Mendoza River, in Cruz de Piedra, Maipú, Province of Mendoza, at 850 m.a.s.l. (2780 ft).
The great thermal amplitude characterizes this micro-region. During the end of summer and the beginning of autumn the days are very hot, which allows the Cabernet Sauvignon to reach an excellent maturity. And the nights are very cool. The cold mountain air travels down the riverbed and enters the funnel that is formed in this area by the mountains of Lunlunta and the riverbed. This fresh air is spread around the area near the river creating one of the greatest thermal amplitudes in the country. This makes it possible to obtain grapes of great concentration, tannins that are very well matured but retain very good levels of acidity, resulting in elegant, rounded and well-balanced wines.
Finca Libertad comprises a total of 40 hectares (100 acres) and is part of the 250 hectares (625 acres) belonging to the Costa del Alto Mendoza River that starts in Blanco Encalada to the west and ends in Cruz de Piedra to the east. Mendoza has a total of 240,000 planted hectares which means that just 1 out of every 1,000 hectares are located on the Costa del Alto Mendoza River.
In addition to the benefit of the climate, the soils also contain large amounts of boulder, with a lot of gravel and clay which stresses the vine and requires its roots to reach up to 5 meters deep in search of water and nutrients.
Among the planted varieties, Malbec, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc cover the largest surface area, but there is also Sangiovese, Syrah, Merlot and Petit Verdot.
Some plots date from the end of the 19th century or the beginning of the 20th century. Part of the Cabernet Franc was planted in 1899 and is among the oldest in the world. The Cabernet Sauvignon and Sangiovese dates from 1935, the Syrah, Malbec and Merlot from 1956. Some plots have been replanted between 1999 and 2002 adding the Petit Verdot.
All vines are planted on ungrafted root stock with a density of 5,500 plants per hectare. The oldest vines come from pre-phylloxera material as they were brought from Europe before the disease. The irrigation system is designed with furrows and flooding, that in very permeable soils allows the water to reach deep into the ground. The system is low trellis, except for Syrah that is planted in arbor. The lower vines are protected with anti-hail netting.
All these characteristics make Finca Libertad such a unique terroir in the world.